If you are one of those people who is struggling with a variety of emotions throughout the day or staggeringly low self-esteem and wondering if you are suffering from depression, then this article is aimed at you. In this article, we aim to give an informative overview of the various types of major depression that commonly afflict people. Besides, if you have noticed any of your friends behaving rather odd and exhibiting characteristics that are not normal to them and you want to diagnose their condition to see if they are suffering from depression, then you can also use this article as guide to lend a helping hand to your friend.
What is depression?
Depression is a medical condition which makes a person feels hopeless and lose interest in performing daily activities. Experts say that it is more than just a sad mood. It is a constant feeling of worthlessness that manifests itself in a different ways in a person’s life. The signs of depression are as follows:
· Lack of energy
· Negative thinking
· Suicidal thoughts
· Tendency to involve in risky behavior
Depression can range from less severe (minor) to highly severe states which can be life-threatening at times. As the right diagnosis depends on the type of depression, it is beneficial to know the different kinds depression along with treatments for depression.
Psychotic depression – A condition that requires immediate treatment
Technically termed as major depressive disorder, this severe condition is associated with psychotic symptoms and patients suffering from this condition needs to be closely monitored. Individuals suffering from this form of depression often experience hallucinations and are mostly ruled by these false beliefs. They also have a tendency to blame themselves for all adversities that life brings. Moreover, they become delusional by thinking that someone is following or watching them. In some people, these hallucinations result in mood disorders such as guilt and self-loath while some people have only hallucinations without being associated with the signs of depression. Many medical experts suggest that the treatment to this condition must be accompanied by anti-depressants and anti-psychotic medications.
Maniac depression – Frequent mood swings
This type of depression is also referred to as bipolar disorder, where a person has sudden mood fluctuations. The variances experienced in mood could be due a serious brain disorder. For such persons the feelings of happiness and high energy is usually accompanied by feeling of dullness and loss of energy. It is called bipolar disorder precisely for this reason where the person sometimes experiences signs of mania such as elevation in energy levels, racing thoughts and not needing much sleep followed by signs of depression such as low energy, losing interest to perform daily tasks and low self confidence. This type of depression is often misread as ADHD or alcohol abuse, so if diagnosed properly, the treatment can be done using anti-depressants such as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRI) and Serotonin-Norepinephrine Reuptake Inhibitors (SNRI).
Postpartum Depression – Common occurrence for pregnant women
It is a condition where the new mother feels sad or depressed after the baby is born. The overwhelming feeling of having to take care of themselves and their baby can have a huge impact on the new mom. Although bearing a child is a beautiful experience, some mothers find it debilitating to accustom to the new change in their life and having no time for themselves. Sometimes depression symptoms can also be triggered due to hormonal changes in pregnant women. Almost 85 % of women are known to suffer from depression during and after pregnancy. The treatment for this type of depression can also be facilitated with anti-depressants such as SSRI’s.