Depression is a serious medical condition caused by changes in brain chemistry. It happens due to a number of reasons such as loss of loved ones, struggles in life, lower self-esteem, humiliation etc. Depression affects a person in his daily activities on how they think, feel, look and a person often gets various mood swings when he/ she is in a depressed state of mind. Depression is not the same in men and women and also differs for adults, children and elders. When people begin to show a different behavior or a slow reaction in their communication or understanding, then the person needs to be taken to the physician for depression screening. Also, depression is not a dangerous disease that couldn’t be treated altogether. It is a form of mental illness that can be set right upon medication and practicing certain tips and techniques suggested by specialists for treating depression.
Following are the different types of depression, knowing which will help a person to understand depression and its various forms in detail.
People with major depression are characterized by the inability to enjoy life and experience pleasure. The symptoms of major depression range from moderate to severe and are constant. Few people experience just a single depressive episode in their life. Major depression is a recurring disorder. There are many possible things that could be done to dwindle away the mood swings.
Dysthymia (mild depression but recurring)
At times, you might feel mildly depressed though you might have brief periods of normal mood. This is referred to as chronic depression. Though the symptoms of dysthymia are not of major depression, they might last for a long time say for about two years. These symptoms make it difficult for people to live life to the fullest or to remember certain memorable things. Some people also suffer from major depressive episodes known as double depression. Dysthymia can be treated though symptoms may be unrecognized or untreated for years.
This disorder also known as manic depression is characterized by cycling mood changes. This disorder comprises of symptoms such as hyperactivity, impulsive behavior, little or no sleep and changes in a person’s speech etc. When depressed, the person experiences the same symptoms as that of the major depression. However the treatment options available for bipolar disorder are not exactly similar. Sometimes, antidepressants can make the bipolar disorder condition get worse.
Seasonal Affective Disorder
A few people develop seasonal disorders which are otherwise known as seasonal affective disorder (SAD) where the person experiences changes in mood. You might become hopeless, sad, and tensed, stressed and find no interest in friends or life. SAD usually begins at the onset of winter and lasts till the beginning of summer.
This is a quite serious baby blues and occurs in many women post-delivery. The symptoms usually clear in a week or two. New mothers with the symptoms such as feeling extremely sad, anxious and exhausted make them feel difficult to handle their work and do their daily chores along with baby handling.
This depression occurs when a person is under depressed state of mind and also undergoes some form of psychosis such as delusions and hallucinations.
This is a mild but more enduring form of bipolar disorder. A person’s mood dwindles between less severe manias which could also be said as hypomania along with a less severe depression.
Substance-induced mood disorder
Depression could result in a person due to the intake of drugs, alcohol and other alarming substances that are dangerous to the body and mind. This results in substance induced mood disorder.