Xanax (Alprazolam)

Generic Name: Alprazolam

Brand Names: Xanax, Xanax XR, Niravam

Strengths:: Xanax 2mg, 1mg, 0.5 mg, 0.25 mg

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Description

What is Xanax?

Xanax is a powerful medication that is used in the treatment of anxiety disorders, panic disorders and also to treat anxiety that is caused by depression. It belongs to the benzodiazepine class family. The drug comprises of an essential ingredient called alprazolam which plays a major role in treating anxiety and depression. This med appears to be as white crystalline powder that is soluble in methanol or even ethanol which doesn’t have any proper solubility in water.

How Xanax works?

This anti-anxiety medicine is known to work by altering the chemicals in the brain and nerves that could be unbalanced in people who are having anxiety. The working mechanism of Xanax is associated with the central nervous system. Alprazolam in Xanax works in a manner to efficiently suppress the agitated nerves and help them to relax. Xanax is the most sought after medicine by the majority of doctors worldwide and is indeed a very effective anti-anxiety medicine available in the market today.

Xanax dosage and administration

Xanax is available in various dosage strengths. Each Xanax pill consists of 0.25mg, 0.5mg, 1mg or 2mg of alprazolam and these are the different dosage strengths in which Xanax is available. You need to take Xanax exactly as prescribed by your doctor. The pills can be taken by mouth with a glass of water either with or without having food. Your physician might alter your dosage strength from time to time depending upon your response to the med. The dosage however depends upon your age, current medical condition and your response to Xanax.

Missed dose and overdose

It is always better to take Xanax on time as directed to you by the doctor so as to never miss any dose. If you have missed taking Xanax, then it is better to take it as soon as you remember. If it is already time for the next dose of Xanax, then you can better skip the missed dose and carry on with the scheduled dose. In case you have overdosed Xanax, then you need to call any emergency helpline number or poison helpline immediately. You can also approach any of the nearest clinics to get treated for the overdose. Never take two Xanax doses at once just to compensate it for the missed dose as doing so will only result in unfavorable health consequences.

Precautions to be followed with Xanax

Xanax is not recommended for pregnant women as it can cause birth defects or severe withdrawal symptoms in the newborn. Consuming alcohol during Xanax is strictly prohibited. This med should not be taken if you have narrow-angle glaucoma. This drug has the ability to Xanax can cause allergic reactions in your body, so intimate your doctor if you are allergic to it or to even other benzodiazepine pills. Xanax also comprises of certain inactive components, so check with your doctor if your body will be suitable for the medicine. If you have or had the following conditions before getting Xanax prescribed duly inform the medico.

  • Seizures or epilepsy,
  • A history of drug abuse or alcohol addiction,
  • If you have used any other narcotic med
  • Depression or suicidal thoughts
  • Asthma or breathing difficulty
  • Kidney or liver disease

Xanax can cause dizziness or drowsiness. So do not engage in activities that require you to be highly alert like driving or dealing with heavy machinery works.

Side effects

If you experience breathing difficulty, hives or any signs of allergic reactions like swelling of the face, tongue, throat or lips, then get emergency medical aid immediately. Rush to the nearest hospital without any waiting if you encounter any of the below mentioned severe side effects:

  • Uncontrolled movement of muscles
  • Pounding heartbeats
  • Tremor, seizure or convulsions, hallucination
  • Depressed mood
  • Suicidal thoughts
  • Fluttering of the chest
  • Confusion, agitation
  • Unusual behavior

Common side effects

You can stop taking Xanax if you experienced these mild side effects and report to your doctor about the same to take further steps:

  • Problem in remembering
  • Tiredness, drowsiness
  • Anxiousness feel in the early hours of morning
  • Lack of balance or coordination

Drug Interactions

A lot of drugs have the possibility to interact with Xanax, so you need to consult your doctor for every medicine you take. When Xanax is taken along with other medicines, the interactions can possibly slow your breathing or can even make you sleepy. Do inform your doctor about all the other drugs you have been taking including any other prescription med, over the counter pills or any natural or herbal supplement. Intimate your physician before you take any cough medicine, meds to treat anxiety or depression, muscle relaxers, narcotic pain meds, seizure treating drugs or any sleeping pills. Do not stop or start using the following drugs when taking Xanax:

  • Nefazodone
  • Cimetidine
  • Ritonavir
  • Drugs that treat HIV or AIDS
  • Digoxin
  • Antifungal pills like voriconazole, fluconazole.

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